Ancient India will Guide Modern Bharat

Ancient India will Guide Modern Bharat

  • In the future, ancient India will guide modern Bharat. 
  • The local idea of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, as reflected in article 51 of the Indian Constitution, is likely to go global. 
  • As India becomes the Vishwa Guru, world development will be accounted for more than world growth. India will ensure its shared leadership under six heads —  climate change, culture, technology, economy, inclusiveness, and sovereignty  

Climate Change 

  • Climate Action will involve mobilising every individual to go back to the very roots of ऋत (ecological balance). 
  • Ancient sustainable practices of agriculture (Baranaja, neem pesticides, Apatani rice-fish cultivation, Kuttanad rice cultivation), architecture (Toda homes, Chang houses of Arunachal Pradesh, Chausath Yogini temple of Madhya Pradesh), water management (Eris of Tamil Nadu, Stepwells of  Rajasthan & Gujarat, Athar Pyne of Bihar, Bench terracing in Northeast), biodiversity protection (Sacred groves in Karnataka and northeast, conservation of  Blyth’s Tragopan in Nagaland) take centre stage. 
  • These practices will help India in achieving the ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions and will help India lead by example. 
  • The traditional practices coupled with technology will together form a formidable force in combating climate change and in addressing SDG 13. 


  • Being the cultural capital of the world, India will play an important role in emerging from the crisis of confidence that currently impedes the development of various African countries. 
  • As the Vishwa Guru, this modern Bharat will guide the world through its ancient festivals and theatres. 
  • This involves Kerala’s Padayani, Punjab’s Baisakhi, Meghalaya’s Nongkrem dance, Odisha’s Rath Yatra, Rajasthan’s Pushkar Mela, and much more. 
  • Within itself, India will be the epitome of culture. It will play a significant role in sustainable development, shaping India’s identity and developing soft power relations with various countries.  


  • The less talked about has been India’s ancient technology that contributed significantly to shaping the world. 
  • Right from:-
  • Denesovian’s precise drilling techniques to Laser-sharp antenna swords of Sinauli to Harappan’s water drainage and 
  • harvesting system to Agaria technique for iron ore mining in Uttar Pradesh to the exquisite carving of Kailash temple at Ellora;
  • to the Shipbuilding industry of the Cholas; the technology was precise, sustainable, and formidable. 
  • India will continue to leverage technology in the upcoming uncertain global order. Examples of leveraging technology — providing digital payment methods in Africa, leveraging Israel’s technology in combating terrorism, etc. 
  • Data decentralization and a robust cyber security system will be key in ensuring responsible leadership. 


  • As the world develops faster than ever before, India will advocate for sustainable wealth creation instead of wealth redistribution. 
  • This is will be guided by its ancient practices of voluntary welfarism, Arthshastra’s progressive tax collection, Rajaraja Chola’s liquid money system. As the Vishwa Guru, India would aim to reduce inequity in access instead of inequality in income. 
  • Reducing multidimensional poverty will be an important development in this regard. 
  • Just as how Indian kings used to build forts during droughts to provide employment opportunities to their populous (Bara Imambara), poverty reduction in modern Bharat will take place through job creation. 
  • Development on similar lines will be followed by India throughout the world.  


  • In the current paradigm, India’s idea of inclusiveness is challenged by threats of expansionism and terrorism. However, since inclusiveness is sustainable it will have the necessary stamina that will allow India to lead its counterparts through these obstacles. 
  • Inclusiveness will involve greater representation of developing and least developed countries in multilateral institutions. 
  • Strong multilateralism with an applicable rules-based order will define India way. 
  • Inclusiveness at home will involve ensuring accessibility, affordability, and availability of basic necessities to Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Groups. 
  • This will be inspired by the Vasu system of Gujarat, the Koovagam Kothandavar festival of Tamil Nadu, the Rajo Utsav festival of Odisha, Jhiri Mela in Jammu & Kashmir, etc. 


  • India’s idea of sovereignty will be on lines of Chanakya thought. The six forms of state policy (war, peace, marching, alliance, double policy, and neutral) will be key in shaping India’s sovereign structure and foreign policy. It will be the duty of India as a Vishwa guru to ensure its and every country’s strategic autonomy. 
  • India will be guided by every country’s sovereign ideas yet it will also ensure that no power tames its own sovereignty. It would leverage opportunities that benefit its own national interest in an unsustainable world order where every country is more individualistic than ever before. 
  • This will involve leveraging issue-based alliances, pragmatic decisions on cost-benefit calculation, and unpredictability to enhance value.

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